12 Accommodations and Modifications for Dyslexic Children in Public School

Thanks for all of the great feedback on the post I did two weeks ago sharing four different book resources that I have found helpful as we navigate through Anthony’s dyslexia journey. If dyslexia is a topic of conversation in your life, I hope you’ll hop over and check out the comments and additional resources readers left on this particular post. I am in the process of following up on some of the sites, books, and other references people left in the comments so I can recap them for you later in the month. This is the beauty of networking… we all can learn and gain information for our children.

Today I want to talk to you about accommodations and modifications that your dyslexic child might benefit from when struggling in the classroom and at home. These are resources that are working for Anthony. I am not a professional, simply a mom who has watched our journey evolve. When our journey began I had no idea what resources, accommodations, modifications, etc., were available to us, nor did I understand the process needed when asking for these tools. And in our situation the school did not just offer them. We had to ask- aside from the two year dyslexia program Anthony was enrolled in when his diagnosis was given. While this two year dyslexia program is great, there are needs that must be met in the traditional classroom setting and in his day to day learning.

Alphasmart- this is a lap size computer device that can be used in a simple manner or a more complex manner. There are different versions available- some with more frills than others. We have a basic version. This year the school supplied Anthony with three- one that stays at home, one that stays in his main classroom, and one to use in his reading classroom. At home we use it to practice for his spelling test and practice writing stories. You can also have it link up to your printer so the student can print out what he types. What is so great about this device is sometimes words and letters get lost for a dyslexic student when going from their mind, to their pencil, to their paper. How do I make that letter? Did I spell that word right? Can the teacher read my writing? The Alphasmart allows the student to focus on the story they want to tell instead of fearing their penmanship might not be legible, wondering if they spelled each word correctly, etc. With some versions you can even upload worksheets and allow the student to complete some of their classwork using the Alphasmart. Find what works best for your child. Right now the basic version meets our needs.

Break Instruction into Parts- this is a simple request. Sometimes dyslexic students become very overwhelmed when given too many tasks or steps at one time. Ask the teacher(s) to break things down into steps for your student.

Online Reading- likely your child’s classroom has a computer. Ask that your student be given time to read online. Sometimes just changing the medium in which a story is delivered can make the reading process easier for a dyslexic child. Ask that your child be given 20-30 minutes of reading computer time each day if available. (You can also do this at home!)

Modified Spelling List- if your child is dyslexic and is struggling with their spelling tests each week, there is absolutely no reason to put your child through that stress and feeling of failure. Ask that his spelling test be modified according to his learning needs. This is how it is implemented for us; Anthony is pulled out of his classroom each day for 45 minutes of intense training with his dyslexia teacher (this is part of the two year program). While working on things like decoding, fluency, accuracy, comprehension and phonological needs, his dyslexia teacher identifies where Anthony’s struggles are each week and his next spelling list is developed based on his current needs and struggles. This is genius and directly affects his success! (If your student excels and enjoys the computer and penmanship is a struggle, it is not out of line to request that he be allowed to take his spelling test using the computer or an Alphasmart.)

Request Regular Feedback- the dyslexia teacher at our school travels to other campuses. It is not always possible to find her on on campus, but I like feedback. I do not want to arrive at the end of a six weeks (or even a 3 week progress update) where I am suddenly being told Anthony is not meeting the mark for specific areas. We have an agreement that his dyslexia teacher updates us each day in his school planner with a quick note about how he is doing. A simple smiley face, a quick note that his behavior was not ideal, or a happy message that he is souring with his decoding skills is great. It allows us to know where we need to work harder at home.

Close Seating to Instruction- if your child struggles with being independent or lacks confidence it can be ideal to have him seated close to instruction.

Access to Reading Programs-  such as RFB&D (recording for the blind and dyslexic) is a program for children and adults. Their program gives your student access to over 60,000 audio books for free. The audio access allows you to download books directly to a Microsoft Windows based computer. You should be able to obtain your free one year membership via your public school system or by visiting this link https://custhub.rfbd.org/registration. This is available to any student in the public, private or homes-schooled setting that has a certified print disability. Textbooks, novels, chapter books, etc., are included in their audio access library.

MP3 Player or Kindle- the school system can pay for this tool for you. It is simply another resource that allows your child to enjoy reading. We were assigned an MP3 player and it is at home with us. It is another option for downloaded books and allowing him to listen to them and read along while he finds his love for reading.

Access to Title One Reading Programs- because we are in a Title One school here in Texas, there is additional funding given to our school for at risk students who need extra help with skills such a reading. You do not have to have a learning difference or disability to participate in this program it is simply extra one-on-one learning for your child. A Title One reading program is offered at our school and was made available to Anthony this school year. He stays after school two days per week and gets additional one-on-one reading instruction for 30-45 minutes.

Whisper Phone- this is a nifty tool that can be very helpful to a dyslexic student when reading independently. You can read more about the whisper phone online. Anthony’s teacher actually has a knock-off version of this phone made using PVC pipe. Some dyslexic children need to hear themselves when they are reading but in the classroom this can get loud. The whisper phone idea allows the student to read to themselves in a whisper and the phone amplifies their voice and helps with comprehension.

Not Penalized For Spelling Errors- in traditional classwork, your student should not be counted off for, or penalized for, spelling errors. Obviously this does not apply to spelling tests. Why shoot their self esteem down by losing points on a writing assignment? The focus should be good content and good story telling.

Buddy or Peer- it can be helpful to have a buddy or peer identified in the classroom that your child can count on if the teacher is busy and he needs help pronouncing a word, or needs to ask for guidance that a peer can assist him with. Obviously the guidelines need to be identified ahead of time. You do not want your student being a burden to another student, but team work can do wonders!

. . . . . . . .

Next week I will discuss with you the process that worked for us when asking for these modifications and accommodations. Initially we were not greeted with open arms and were actually cautioned that we were potentially hampering his learning and were told he could be successful without them. On the other hand, the school did customarily offer accommodations on all state standardized tests. You know, the tests that directly effect their scores, overall standing with the state, and potentially their funding.

Tell me, what has your experience been when seeking accommodations and modifications for your child in the public school setting? What is working for your child and what is not working? I would love to hear from you.

Comments

  1. Miko's Girl says

    Additional accommodations include a scribe, additional time to be given for tests, a quiet room for tests to be administered, pull out time to work with Special Ed teacher, reduction in homework, lists of site words.

    The attitude at my daughter's school has been if all children had these accommodations, then everyone would perform better. However, I counter that not everyone's brain works in the same learning disabled manner as my child's hence the accommodations. Currently, my daughter's teacher is not grading the writing which my daughter uses the scribe.

    I anxiously await to see your piece on requesting accommodations so we can compare notes.

  2. Crystal says

    Miko's Girl- thank you so much for sharing! It is so wonderful to bounce ideas off of other parents.

    Extra time on tests and taking tests in a room alone with the option of a teacher reading the test to you, are excellent accommodations. These, as I understand in Texas, are customary and part of the TAKS Accommodation Bundle that students are given as options when taking our standardized state testing from 3rd grade on when a dyslexia dx is made. I agree that these accommodations should be available to the students for regular day-to-day testing as well. So far he honestly has rarely exercised the options as he really prefers to read the test himself.

    Scribe, I've not heard of that. Thanks so much for sharing and I am off to look that up! :)

  3. Ladybird Ln says

    I think that is a great list of modification/adaption… I am/ was a special education teacher, ( I get to stay at home with my little kiddos at the moment…) I think the best thing a parent can do is to be educated about what is available, and you have done exactly that. I have found when parents took a positive pro-active approach rather then a demanding type approach, they get better results all around, and that appears that is what you are doing!

    ladybirdln.blogspot.com

  4. LocalFunForKids says

    Wow – What a wealth of information you have gathered. Hopefully, this will help many moms and teachers out there. Great work!

  5. Lindsay says

    As a hopeful future special educator, I'm very glad you are sharing you experience with everyone. Even for teachers, I think it's hard to stay up-to-date with every possible tool for the students. This is a really nice list of accommodations and modifications. Thanks for sharing!

  6. Miko's Girl says

    Great idea to post this on WFMW – spread the word. Virginia does not have accommodations packets – some things are better in Texas.

  7. Pammy pam says

    while i am not a fan of pull out instruction, i know for some children it works. i love the idea of one to one help by a peer or an adult.

  8. Simply Stacie says

    This is great and am going to share this with my fiance who has two kids with dyslexia (and he also has it as well!).

  9. ConnieFoggles says

    You are doing a great job of advocating for your son. We got our 504 for our daughter and so far her accommodations are a study period in place of PE and the use of a binder with color-coded folders and dividers. We didn't even ask for the school to supply us with the binder. Oh well, I'll have to remember that for next time.

    I'm upset to learn that the study period is only supervised by the Media teachers. In other words, she will not be given individual attention. And her binder will only be checked 2-3 times per week instead of every day.

    We're waiting to hear if she's approved for IEP testing. I'm hoping she is.

  10. Kelli says

    You said, " I am not a professional, simply a mom who has watched our journey evolve." HA!! You know so much more than a professional could learn from a book!! never underestimate the power of being the one person who actually cares what happens to your child!

  11. Michele says

    Ok, so I have a child in third grade. I had him tested outside from the school for dyslexia, because they don’t test for it. He does have severe spelling dyslexia, dyslexia, and dysgraphia. He has trouble with sequencing, do also issue with math. He has started dictation sentences this year, and he really is having difficulties. Any ideas of what accomadations I should ask for in regards to this particular subject.
    Thanks for your sight, this is extremely helpful. It is nice to not feel alone in regards to this.
    Michele

    • Jennifer Cross says

      My son was diagnosed with dyslexia and dysgraphia when he was in the third grade. At first we had a IEP plan that outlined his modifications (reader, scribe, extended time, paraphrasing, prompting/cueing, use of technology (dictation software and calculator). Once his grades progressed, we transisitioned over to a 504 plan. The first year was great. Same modifiications and 6th grade was fine. However, this year (7th grade) has been a disaster! His 504 has been violated more times than I can count and presently we are fighting to keep certain specific modifications in his plan (use of a calculator). Apparantly, if you have dyslexia and make good grades, then you shouldn’t get modifications??? Parents of children with dyslexia need to fight for thier children’s rights! As an educator, I not only fight for my son BUT my students!
      I hope my experience helps someone else protect their child!

  12. Jana says

    WOW! How far we’ve come since I was in school diagnosed dyslexic! Yeah!! I am going to save these tips to use when I am a teacher one day. :-)

  13. Natalie says

    Just beginning the process with my son. I have him in private school and have to constantly remind them of his dyslexia because he rises to the challenges. He holds his own in class but stinks at spelling test. I hope that he is not falling through the cracks but not sure. I am glad I found your site so that it can help my son and I will share with his teachers.

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